Eczema is also called dermatitis and covers skin conditions that cause red, dry, itchy skin and blisters.

Understanding your eczema

Eczema is also called dermatitis and covers skin conditions that cause red, dry, itchy skin and blisters. If you've had childhood eczema, you're more likely to get irritant eczema and contact dermatitis.

Allergic contact dermatitis

Eczema can be caused by exposure to allergens. It's called allergic contact dermatitis or contact allergy. The most common causes are:

  • Nickel
  • Perfumes
  • preservatives
  • Chromium

You can work with a dermatologist to find out which substances you cannot tolerate and then remove them from your daily routine. Then you can often avoid outbreaks of allergic contact dermatitis altogether.

Irritant eczema

If you have irritant eczema, it may be because you wash your hands very often. This can break down your skin's outer protective layer and let irritants in. See if you can take better care of your hands with creams and gloves.